In recent years, with accelerated afforestation and greater forest protection awareness among farmers, Tibet’s forest resource area and volume have doubled. There has also been continued improvement to the ecological environment: Tibet’s forest area has reached 16.84million hectares, which is an increase of 1.95 million hectares from 10 years ago; forest coverage has reached 14.01%; and forest volume has increased by 10.21%.
Yonten, Director of Tibet Autonomous Region Forestry Department, said that in recent years Tibet has increased seed supply to maximize tree planting as much as possible. Remarkable results have been achieved in implementing the three major projects “a city surrounded by forest, forest water system and the green channel”; in prioritizing water conservancy and integrated development; in making survival rate and forest plantation rate the sole criterion for testing effectiveness of afforestation; and in starting the “two rivers, four streams” river basin afforestation project.
Afforestation is extremely hard in Tibet due to the vast area, high altitude, meager rainfall and short frost-free season. In recent years Tibet has consistently increased its forest area by adopting a number of measures to protect meadows and wetlands. The grasslands in northern Tibet and the southern regions have become unique landscapes on the plateau as more and more trees appear. Reporters noticed that the forest was thriving on the riverside, roadside and hillside along the YarlungZangboRiver, adding an endless vitality to the spring wilderness.
Afforestation not only improves the ecological environment, but also provides a“pleasant taste”for the local people and as a result more and more farmers are taking part in forestry development. In the past five years forest ecological protection and development has led to an increase in farmer income of 4.27billion yuan, which is double that of the12-Five Year period.