He is Living Buddha called Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche, and he is different. Some say his writings are like the melodious love songs of the 6th Dalai Lama Tsangyang Gyatso. He talks to China Features reporter Wen Chihua
He is a holy man aged 36.And he writes poetry that touches laymen's hearts through his ability to combine the holy and the secular.
A poem from his first book, A Thought-Moment in the Secular World, reads:
Flowers evoke romance
When they bloom in the heart of a poet;
Flowers evoke the scenery
When they bloom in a the heart of a traveler;
Flowers evoke enlightenment
When they bloom in the heart of a mendicant
"I love his poems, they are philosophical, Zen-like, and yet not recondite," says Zhang Yu, a woman in her late 40s with a grown son.
"I feel intoxicated and enchanted when I read them. It's difficult to believe they are written by an ascetic."
The author is not just a monk. He is a Living Buddha called Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche in Qinghai province.
He hears comments like these frequently. And he responds by saying, in Mandarin: "What I wrote in the book is nothing extraordinary.
It's simply a record of my thinking, my personal feelings about the Buddha's dharma, and our society."
He writes every day, and in Chinese.This makes him different from most monks of Tibetan Buddhism, as few of them write in Chinese.
Some say his poetry and essays are like the melodious love songs of the 6th Dalai Lama Tsangyang Gyatso.
Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche says being compared to Tsangyang Gyatso is inappropriate. He said that
Tsangyang Gyatso was a great philosopher and a master of the history of Tibetan Buddhism.
He says: "Tsangyang's poems are written in a very metaphorical style, containing the wisdom of dharma.
Those who have a deep understanding of Buddhism will get a lot from his writings. When eminent monks read his poetry, their doubts are resolved. People who read his poetry simply as love songs is a misinterpretation by the people outside Tibet."
For instance, one of Tsangyang's most recognizable poems, On the Eastern Hills reads:
Over the eastern hills rise
The pure white face of the moon;
In my mind forms
The smiling face of a beloved young girl.
"How would you understand beloved young girl here?" Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche asks.
"Tsangyang Gyatso once said of himself, while living in the Potala Palace, 'I am the king of the Snow Land; Wandering in the streets of Lhasa, I am the most beautiful lover
in the world'."
"Like Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) who often traveled through the country disguised as a commoner, Tsangyang Gyatso visited women in Lhasa, because he wanted to better understand the layman's life and find ways to offer salvation to everyday people."
As the most revered Living Buddha, who was on the golden throne in the Potala Palace, Tsangyang Gyatso brought to Lhasa the most enchanting lyrics of all times. His songs were famous in every corner of the city then and are still popular.
By comparison, Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche regards himself as an unknown Living Buddha on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, who dearly loves writing.
"Writing has taught me to pay close attention to both the internal and external worlds. And writing my thoughts and observations reflecting this world full of uncertainties and anxieties," he says.
One of his readers says Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche's voice "has hypnotic power, and can make you almost feel drunk".
Like the poem, Return to Silence, which goes like this:
The snow is like a dancer, falling gently on the earth,
It melts into the soil after the turbulence.
I'm like a snowflake, drifting quietly on this mortal world.
I return to silence, after having seen all the bustling of the world,
In the season I never expect I meet my bosom friends.
In the reincarnation I never cling to anything,
I seek a thorough understanding of human life.
Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche's home is the 740-year-old Ba Monastery, which is also home to 160 monks.
His motivation for publishing the book is to help renovate Ba Monastery, and ensure the running of a welfare house and a nursing home in his hometown.
"I hope the monastery will provide a place where monks can study Buddhist scriptures, literature, English, and take computer lessons," he says.
Traditionally, a Living Buddha is in charge of a monastery's affairs.
And Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche is no exception.
As for his early life, Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche was born on May 29, 1981, in Qumarleb county in the Yushu Tibetan autonomous prefecture of Qinghai province.
He is the fifth child and the only son of a herdsmen couple and was known as Sonam Wangchug until 1995.
He was 14 when he was identified as the reincarnation of the 14 Rateng Living Buddha. The announcement came as a complete surprise because his formative years were no different from that of his peers.
In his childhood he performed well in school, and was later admitted to the Communication Technical School in Qinghai province to study civil engineering. Then, one day, his teacher informed him that his parents wanted him to return home.
It took him three days by bus to get home from the provincial capital Xining.
When he got home, he recalls, "the monks from the Ba Monastery were present.
"My parents had no idea that I was the reincarnated soul boy. But once I learned this, I told the senior monks that I wanted to study the dharma in the best institution in Tibet.
"Otherwise I would be just another Living Buddha unable to offer salvation to sentient beings, but living on their offerings."
In 1996, he was sent to the Sera Monastery in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, to began his full-time Buddhist dharma education under Khenpo Gashi Ngawang Dadrak.
Sera is one of the three main monasteries in Lhasa, along with Ganden and Drepung, where Tibetan monks undertake advanced studies.
Tibetan Buddhism has four main schools: Nyingma, Sakya, Kagyu and Geluk.
Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche belongs to Geluk School which adopted the reincarnation ritual in the mid-16th century.
Panchen and Dalai are lineage disciples of Tsongkhapa, the founder of the Geluk School.
Nowadays, reincarnation is largely accepted as an inheritance right among various schools in Tibet.
At the Sera Monastery, he studied Buddhist scripture, Tibetan literature, and history.
And he also attended debates on the sutras, from early in the morning to the late into the night every day.
Then, one day in 2001, his mentor, the Living Buddha Sharu Tong, told him that he should go to live with the Han Chinese.
"My mentor didn't say why or what for. And because of my mentor, I came to Beijing on Sept 11."
In Beijing, he lived with migrant workers in a hostel for several months.
"I remember practicing meditation everyday. I didn't know how to speak Mandarin Chinese, and I didn't have enough money for food, so I only had a slice of bread every day. Water was free at the hostel."
The hardships and the pangs of hunger influence his writings today.
His experiences taught him sympathy and tenderness for ordinary people. And it was in the hostel that he realized why his mentor had sent him to live among the Han: He was needed to promote Buddhism in the regions where the Han Chinese lived.
To help him realize this goal, he joined Beijing Foreign Studies University in 2005 to study English and Chinese. And during the next four years, he took graduate courses in Buddhist philosophy and social psychology at Peking University. His studies turned him into the articulate and modern monk he is today.
Speaking about his mission, he says: "My responsibility as a monk is to pass on the Buddhist spirit to everyone who is ready to accept it."
Unlike monks in ancient times, who were hermits living according to Buddhism doctrine in isolated monasteries and temples, the main thing about being a modern monk, Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche says, is to be involved in the world and real social practices.
"You cannot save all living creatures from torment if the monastery shrinks from contact with human society and fails to understand what really plagues men's souls."
Meanwhile, Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche also serves as a Living Buddha for the Lhari Tongkhang village outside the Sera Monastery.
He also keeps in contact with his family.
Every time he returns to the Ba Monastery, hundreds of people attend his dharma assembly, hoping he will bless them by touching their heads.
"But I am just an ordinary man who bears the light of the Buddha," Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche says.
"For the most part, I am no different from anyone in society. 'Living Buddha' is just a title," he says, wearing a smile.
A dimple on his left cheek makes him look like a youngster next door. In fact, when he takes off his crimson cassock, Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche can easily pass off as common man.
He enjoys the same things many urban young men enjoy: drinking good coffee; taking photos and sharing his interpretations of life on the social media platform WeChat.
"Tibetan monks all like the iPhone because it has a Tibetan writing system. So, we can text each other in Tibetan. It's easier, as it's our native tongue," he says. These days he spends half the year on the road, in Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen, and in countries like the United States, Canada, and Australia, preaching Buddhist doctrines and explaining the practice of mindfulness in terms of contemporary life.
While he is in the West, he also studies Christian cultural values. His efforts are in keeping with the Buddhist belief in open-mindedness and the acceptance of change.
He also believes that Tibetan Buddhism can reduce the anxiety of modern life regardless of one's religious views.
Gyatse Phurjun Rinpoche is now writing his second book, tentatively called As Affectionate as Mother.
"Writing helps me think clearly and helps me with my anxieties," he says.